last review  02-01-2017

FRANCESCO CORNER

DOGE 101° (1656)

COLLECTION - R.M.BORDIN -
COLLECTION - R.M.BORDIN -

 

 

 

TEXT OF  ROLANDO MIRKO BORDIN

 

TEXT TRANSLATION - ANGELA RASORI -

 

 

 

 

Corner Francis was born in Venice March 6, 1585, the eighth of thirteen children of John and Clare Marcantonio Lorenzo di Giovanni Dolfin, February 25, 1609 Adriana sposo'il Priuli, had nine children.

The Corner Corner belonged to the branch of S. Polo, among the more 'wealthy in Venice, historical documents from the Archives of Venice, we read that the father and his brothers had been reported in the 1582 redecima an annual pension of 4500 ducats.

Of the family patrimony F. Corner was a shrewd administrator and I dedicate it to 'many years of his life, unlike the brothers George and Alvise who took jobs abroad very expensive, and brothers Marcantonio and Frederick, who had chosen the path of the Church.

For this task all the father wanted to leave in his will to his son Francis in 1623 an annual pension of 1,000 ducats.

The story of this family, which in the course of a century he numbered among its members three Doges, exemplified very well the far-sighted management of power by the Venetian nobility.

On December 6, 1615 F. was elected treasurer of the Common Corner, but he refuses a position coveted by the patricians

Venetians. In May 1618 accompanied his father in law Antonio Priuli, elected Doge of Venice, in his triumphal entry into the Piazza San Marco, throwing gold coins and silver to the cheering crowd.

In August 1618 and 'the administrator to jobbers of London, November 9, 1618 at Rason old administrator from October 1619 year 1624 he joined the Board of Pregadi; marzo1624 and 2' director of the Laws and 11 April following the depositary Banco Giro. In December 1624, the death of the Doge Francesco Contarini, F. Corner 'between the new Doge of forty voters.

The sequence is presented with much difficulty ', because of the two main contenders who were irreconcilable: Augustine and Francis Nani Erizzo.

After an exhausting run-off to be pressed multiple warnings of the Signoria, the road gradually became the name of the father of F. Corner that his sympathies for the pope, was not frowned upon by most 'conservative aristocracy.

The election of John Corner opposed with all the powers of the brothers, and George F. Alvise Corner, mainly the real reason was partly because the laws requiring children to the Senate which forbade the Doge's taking a political position and that therefore 'the brothers would have seen their street go up in smoke completely, although we must point out that F. Corner was not opposed to the election of his father saw in this election even un'innalzamento of prestige for his family.

John Corner after the thirty-second ballot could be seen only get three votes and was placed in the following pair of opponents, so the forty days in the January 4, 1625 ballot was elected Doge of Venice.

(Foreclosure of Alvise F. Corner and brother, both senators, political life was resolved by a termination of the Signoria, even if in reality 'to the Corner was not missed more discontent among the nobles' poor who bear evil abuse oligarchy and the powerful body that represented that the Council of Ten).

In September 1627, when Francis regained Corner election to the Board of prergadi, the political situation was extremely tense and dangerous for the Senate.

Taking advantage of a special law that gave the Great Council in order to resolve any doubt concerning the small Promissione Duke, October 22 Ranieri Zeno asked to interfere Avogadori of the two ends of the Signoria, who had made possible the election of the Corner Alvise and his brother.

The Doge to avoid a catastrophe in the Great Council the following day took the initiative, calling himself the revocation of the election of the children.

This had been a strong defeat that would not have failed to make his mark.

The subsequent events, especially the wounded Ranieri Zeno by George Corner, helped to discredit the location of the Corner family.

The Doge Nicolo 'Contarini in January of 1630 the day of his election shall not want' to extend his dissent in the inappropriate actions of the Corner.

In the decades that followed all the activities 'of F. Corner policies are becoming more' intense.

Although this argument and 'very important not to dwell too much I will limit' only give a list in chronological order of the offices of F. Corner, indicating that certainly in a later chapter I will try 'to give the right explanation of the meaning of the charges in the same a more 'simple as possible.

 

1 OCTOBER  1630

October 1, 1630 entry in the Council of Pregadi

 

10 OCTOBER 1630

From 10 October 1630 to 17 February 1631, when the plague incobe, and 'head of the district of St. Paul over the health'.

 

9 NOVEMBER  1630

On November 9, 1630 he was appointed governor over the Scriptures.

 

OCTOBER 1631-1632-1633

In October 1631-1632-1633 Zonta enters the Senate.

On 8 January and 'custodian of the Banco del Giro.

 

6 JUNE 1631

From 6 June 1631 to 5 June 1633 on the administrator's Hospitals and charitable institutions.

 

27 NOVEMBER  1632

November 27, 1632 by al March 26, 1634 the administrator in the Mint.

 

26 MARCH  1634

On March 26, 1634 he was elected captain of Brescia making his entrance into the city 'in September 1634, ending his tenure in February 1636.

Back in Venice:

 

OCTOBER 1636

October 1636 he joined the Board of Pregadi.

 

19 JUNE  1637

June 19, 1637, and 'Mint Depositary.

 

3 DECEMBER  1636

From December 3, 1636 to September 1637 over e'provveditore Mountains.

 

22  JULY  1637

On July 22, 1637 
and 'counselor for the district of San Polo.

 

15 SEPTEMBER  1638

The September 15, 1638 and the Council of Ten.

 

OCTOBER 1639

In October 1639, and 1640 he joined the Board of Pregadi.

 

27 OCTOBER 1639

On 27 October 1639 and 'Ghosts of the wood.

 

6 OCTOBER 1640

From 6 October 1640 to September 1641 and 'Savio to the merchandise.

 

22 NOVEMBER 1640

On 22 November 1640 and 'tansadore the district of Santa Croce.

 

23 APRIL 1641

From 23 April 1641 to 22 June 1641 and 'Mint Depositary.

 

OCTOBER 1641

October 1641 and entered the 1642 Zonta of the Senate.

 

16 NOVEMBER 1641

From 16 November 1641 to 15 May 1642 and 'administrator in the Mint.

 

31 MAY  1642

On May 31, 1642 and 'the administrator over the diamonds.

 

19 AUGUST  1642

On August 19, 1642 is escutore against Blasphemy.

 

OCTOBER 1644

October 1644 and 'back to the Board of Pregadi.

It is repeatedly elected senator in October of 1646 -47-48-50-51-52-53-54-55 - * On 17 October 1646 and 'Blasphemy against the perpetrator.

 

11 NOVEMBER 1645

On 11 November 1645 and 'inquisitorial office of Salt.

 

FEBRUARY 14, 1648

On February 14, 1648 and 'superintendent over the construction of the church of Santa Maria della Salute.

 

MAY 20, 1650

 

On May 20, 1650 'above the administrator Hospitals.


FEBRUARY 18, 1651

 

The  Judge of respect.

June 9 1651

 

and 'Blasphemy against the perpetrator.

July 15, 1653


  and 'reformer at the University of Padua.

12 June 1655

 

and 'wise Water Authority.

 
YEAR 1655

 
In the year 1655 and 'among the forty electors of Doge Carlo Contarini.

On the death of the Doge Contarini, contributed to the office of Doge Leonardo Foscolo prosecutors, and John Bertucci Valier Pesaro.

But not getting 'none of them the majority of the votes, the voters' choice fell to the twenty-sixth ballot, of Francesco Corner, May 17, 1656 he was elected Doge.

Although the election was greeted with great jubilation by the family of the Corner, Corner F. himself was' very reluctant due to the age 'did not feel able to support such a charge' challenging.

Its slatted tough 'only a few days, because' his death was caused-according to the chronicle of the time-a very high sustained fever-according to other texts I cosultati, the treating physician demonstrates a strong intestinal infection - which forced him so 'estate continues to' bed in the day of his election, which took him to his death on June 5 1656.

  

The body of Francis was buried the following day Corner in the family tomb to Tolentini, beside his father

 


 

 

La chiesa di San Nicola da Tolentino detta I Tolentini

 


 

 

 

MINT

 

 

 

 

 

 

The only documentation relating to the Mint F. Corner taken from the "Memoirs of pamphlets Marchiori Francesco Massaro in the Mint," recalls that during his reign were made of pure copper bezzoni carat weight of 13/diciassettesimi, thus achieving 'the net revenue of 86 pieces from one brand of metal.

For the Zecchino, the means, the Fourth of sequins and Half or Double Shield.

It is not known with certainty what was the

amount of gold used, but it seems that Massaro was gold in that period (although unofficially) Ottavio Gabriel Massaro then elected under the doge Bertucci Valier.

For silver, there is no news except for the title up, but the initials of the FC Massaro clearly indicates the initials of the same Francis Corner, this confirms that there was the time necessary to elect a Steward of the Mint.

The decision was to reuse the punches above the Doge with the exception of new stamps with the image of the lion of St. Mark, completely replacing the legend of the Doge.

 

 

 

 

 

FONTI  E BIBLIOGRAFIA

 

 

ARCHIVIO DI STATO -  VENEZIA  -

 

Avogaria di Comun, 55 (Libro d'oro nascite, V), c. 75v; 90 (Libro d'oro matrimoni, III), c. 93r; 115 (Contratti di nozze, V), fasc. 1058; 107 (Cronaca matrimoni, II), c. 75r; Ibid., Segretario alle voci, Grazie della Barbarella, reg. 4, e 54v; Ibid., Segretario alle voci, Elezioni del Maggior Consiglio, reg. 11, c. 19v; reg. 12, cc. 23v, 40v; reg. 16, cc. 2v, 3r, 163v, 164r; reg. 20, c. 1v; Ibid., Segretario alle voci, Elezioni del Pregadi, reg. 10, cc. 25v, 43v, 99r; reg. 12, cc. 56v, 72v, 99r, 177r; reg. 13, cc. 72v, 75v, 85v, 88r; reg. 14, cc. 44r, 71v, 87v, 88v, 163r, 164v, 171v; reg. 15, cc. 28v, 71v, 151v, 161v, 162r, 163v, 171v; reg. 16, cc. 133r, 161v; reg. 17, cc. 35v. 38v, 46v, 53v; Ibid., Segretario alle voci, Elezioni di senatori, di membri della Quarantia e di consiglieri dei Dieci, reg. 1, cc. 56v, 60r, 61v, 76v, 78v, 79v, 81v, 84r, 86v, 87v, 89r, 90r, 91v, 93v, 94v, 95v, 97v, 98v, 100r, 102; reg. 2, cc. 2r, 5r, 7r; Ibid., Cons. dei dieci, Misc. codici, reg. 62, cc. 5v, 9r; Ibid., Cons., Lett. rettori, busta 29; Ibid., Senato

Lettere Bressa e Bressan, filza 36, 37; Ibid., Senato. Terra, reg. 11, c. 94; Ibid., Senato. Relazioni, busta 37; Ibid., Testamenti, busta 806, fasc. 187; Ibid., Provveditori alla Sanità. Necrologi, reg. 878; Ibid., Savi alle decime. Condizioni di decima, busta 223, fasc. 363; Ibid.,

M. A. Barbaro-M. A. Tasca, Arbori de' patritii veneti, III, c. 47; Ibid., G. A. Cappellari Vivaro, Il Campidoglio veneto, I, cc. 910-911;

Londra, Public Record Office, State Papers 99, busta 28; Arch. di Stato di Modena, Carteggio estero, busta 95; Arch. Segr. Vaticano, Nunz. Venezia, filza 49; Venezia, Bibl. naz. Marciana, Mss. It., cl. VII, 408 (= 7311): Relatione delli moti interni... sino il 1630, passim;Ibid., Mss. It., cl. VII, 307 (= 8467): Origine della Repubblica veneta... con quello è successo giornalmente nelli quarantuno, cc. 216, 238r, 252r-256v; Ibid., Mss. It., cl. VII 512 (= 8039): Vita dei dogi di Venezia;Ibid.: Mss. It., cl. VII, 2163 (= 7517):

A. Barbaro, Storia dei dogi in versi sciolti fino all'anno 1772, cc. 176, 177; Ibid., Mss. It., cl. VII, 1340 (= 8608): Cronaca Berlendis;Ibid., Mss. It., cl. VII, 82 (= 1385): G. A. Modonesi, Cronaca veneta, c. 235; Ibid., Mss. It., cl. VII, 121 (= 8862): G. Sivos, Cronica veneta, c. 112v;

 

Venezia, Biblioteca Civico Museo Correr

 

Cod. Cicogna 3274: Raccolta di memorie stor. ed anecdote per formar la storia dell'Eccelso Consiglio dei dieci, passim, Ibid., Cod. Cicogna 3762: Z. A. Venier, Storia delle rivoluz. seguite nel governo della Repubblica di Venezia et della instituzione dell'Eccelso Consiglio di Dieci sino alla sua regolazione, 1628, passim;due volumi di lettere di Federico Corner dirette al C. e al padre Giovanni, Ibid., Mss. P. D. C. 285; Le relazioni degli Stati europei lette al Senato... nel sec. XVII. Spagna, a cura di N. Barozzi, G. Berchet, II, Venezia 1860, pp. 3-5, dove il C. è confuso con l'omonimo Francesco Corner di Girolamo; F. Sansovino, Venetia città nobiliss. et singolare [aggiunte di G. Martinoni, 1663], Venezia 1663, p. 729; A. Macedo, Elogia poetica in sereniss. Rempublicam Venetam, Patavii 1680, p. 113; G. Palazzo, Fasti ducales, Venetiis 1696, p. 273;

P. A. Pacifico, Cronaca veneta, Venezia 1697, p. 125; F. Mutinelli, Annali urbani di Venezia, Venezia 1841, p. 547; F. Zanotto, Il Palazzo ducale di Venezia illustrato, IV, Venezia 1861, p. 333;

V. Padovan, Le monete dei Veneziani, Venezia 1881, p. 346;

C. F. Bianchi, Memorie sull'antichiss. e nobiliss. famiglia patrizia veneta de Cornaro, Zara 1886, p. 14; A. Richardson, The doges of Venice, London 1914, p. 323; L. Fellini, Le contribuzioni di Este a Venezia durante la guerra di Candia, in Nuovo Arch. ven., n. s., XXXV (1918), p. 196; N. Papadopoli Aldobrandini, Le monete di Venezia, Venezia 1919, pp. 313-322; F. Capretti, Mezzo secolo di vita vissuta a Brescia nel Seicento, Brescia 1934, pp. 473-477;

H. Kretschmayer, Gesch. von Venedig, III, Stuttgart 1934, pp. 127, 332;

A. Berruti, Patriziato veneto: I Cornaro, Torino 1952, p. 38;

G. Cozzi, Il doge Nicolò Contarini. Ricerche sul patriziato veneziano agli inizi del Seicento, Venezia-Roma 1958, pp. 246;

R. Morozzo della Rocca-M. F. Tiepolo, Cronologia venez. del Seicento, in La civiltà venez. nell'età barocca, Firenze 1959, pp. 278, 280, 294;

A. da Mosto, I dogi di Venezia nella vita pubblica e privata, Milano 1960, pp. 388 s., dove si attribuiscono al C. incarichi politici sostenuti dall'omonimo Francesco Corner di Girolamo.